General Information

The official language of the congress is English. All abstract submissions and presentations should be in English.

Australian Eastern Standard Time (AEST) UTC+10 hours.

Brisbane is Australia’s only subtropical capital city and is ideal for pre and post touring activities and social and leisure activities.

April weather in Brisbane enjoys average temperatures ranging from 18°C to 27°C.

Australia’s unit of currency is the Australian Dollar (AUD), which has five denominations in paper money and six in coins.

Credit cards such as American Express, MasterCard and VISA are accepted in Australia. VISA or MasterCard are commonly accepted with American Express accepted at major supermarket and department store chains and many tourist destinations.

Goods and services tax (GST) is a broad-based tax of 10% on most goods, services and other items sold or consumed in Australia.

Generally, businesses and other organisations registered for GST will:
• include GST in the price of sales to their customers
• claim credits for the GST included in the price of their business purchases.

The Tourist Refund Scheme (TRS) lets you claim a refund of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) and Wine Equalisation Tax (WET) that you pay on certain goods you buy in Australia and then take out of Australia with you or in your checked luggage or carry-on bags.

For more information visit:

Tipping is not customary in Australia.

Smoking is prohibited on all international and domestic airline flights, inside all Australian airports, on all buses, trains, ferries and other forms of public transport, and tourist coaches. It is not allowed in any cinema, theatre, gallery, government or private office building, except in restaurants or cafes which have a smoking section (outdoors).

Smoking is now completely banned inside in all buildings including restaurants and clubs/bars. Smoking is not allowed in department stores and shops. Many rental car companies take the ashtrays out of their vehicles to discourage smoking, which is also prohibited in taxis. There are heavy on the spot fines for smoking in prohibited areas.

The Congress Secretariat and Organisers cannot accept liability for personal accidents or loss of or damage to private property of participants, either during or indirectly arising from APLAR-ARA 2019. Participants are advised to take out their own personal health and travel insurance for their trip. It is recommended to take out travel insurance to cover the refund of registration fees should your circumstances change after booking for the congress.